Kallithea

Kallithea


Kallithea is a modern commercial and cosmopolitan resort, which is characterized by large hotel bandmembers and traditional guesthouses. Attracts thousands of tourists who come to enjoy its beautiful beaches and unique archaeological finds. (Sanctuary of Zeus Ammon)

HOLY TEMPLE ZEUS.

The temple dedicated to Zeus, located on the peninsula Kassandra, next to the beach in Kallithea village and is one of the most important archaeological finds in the area.

The first of the sacred space usage data from the early Bronze Age. Then, after the colonization of Halkidiki by the Greeks in the south and the establishment of Afytis colony of Eretria, the area was included in the sacred place of the ancient city. The beauty of nature, water resources, vegetation and cave existed, prompted Afitios to found in this magical place sanctuary of Dionysus - probably Nymphs - in the late 8th century BC, which is reported by Xenophon (Xen. Greek 5.3, 13 ff). God probably worshiped in the area around the cave, which was formed by terraces (terraces), which lead stone scale. In the first half of the 4th century BC, probably after the saving intervention of Zeus Ammon, which resulted in the termination of the siege of Afytis by the Spartan king Lysander in 304 BCE (Wealth. Lysander 299 a-b), Afitos founded sanctuary of God northeast of the sanctuary of Dionysus. In the cave area and water sources built fountain building in order to make water transportation to the new place of worship because of the close relationship of Ammon with water and the necessary presence in the holy tank of.

Only parts of the buildings of the sanctuary of Ammon Zeus, dating to the first half of the 4th century have survived. In the second half of the same century, ie after the annexation of Halkidiki in the kingdom of Macedon, was built splendid Doric temple of God and to the east of the two parallel rows of pillars which supported sculptures. Parallel rows of the stands, a regular feature in the temples of Egypt, due to the Egyptian origin of the god.

The existence inscription dating to the 3rd century or the first half of the 2nd century BC in honor of Asclepius in votive altars, found space and kept in the library of the monastery Panteleimon on Mount Athos, suggesting the worship of God in this holy season.

In the 2nd century. AD holy knows acne. Outside the temple of Ammon Zeus built the stands and north of the temple built in baths (small bath), which is connected with the cult of Asclepius and the cure.

The sanctuary was abandoned and destroyed in the early 4th century AD The bath continues to be used as the middle or end of the same century and at this time or a little later, in the 5th century AD, built a watermill near the cave.

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Antonia Studios
Mikras Asias & March 25
Kallithea Halkidiki

Tel.: 0030.23740.24.248
Mob.: 0030.6977.500.878

EOT ID: 0938Κ121Κ0544100
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